What to know about Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in Uganda
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is situated in the southwestern region of Uganda. The park lies on the margin of the Rift Valley and is also located along the border of Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo near to the Congo’s well-known Virunga National Park. The park covers an estimated area of 331 square kilometers (128 sq mi) of Impenetrable forest jungle and has both lowland forest and montane forest accessible only on foot. The bio-diversified park is house to the world’s endangered species of mountain gorillas, and hence the reason why many tourists undertake gorilla trekking safaris to Uganda to have face-to-face encounters with these primates.
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park was gazetted as a National Park in the year 1991 and in the year 1994, it was announced a Natural World Heritage site by UNESCO due to its beautiful natural vegetation. The well-known Bwindi National park is covered by one of the Pearl of Africa Uganda’s oldest forests that have been in existence for over 25,000 years and the park sits at an altitude of 1,160m – 2,607m above sea level.
Bwindi Impenetrable forest is one of the forests with abundant ecosystems in the whole of African Continent and the park is diversified with various species. Therefore sparing time to visit this nature-gifted national park will avail the client with the opportunity to enjoy the views of various tourism resources. The park acts as a home for some 120 individual species of mammals including several primate species such as gorillas, baboons and chimpanzees, 348 bird species as well as 220 species of butterflies, and 27 species of frogs, geckos, chameleons, plus various endangered species such as mountain gorillas. According to the way natural resources are distributed in the Impenetrable forest, the Bwindi forest is the most endowed forest in the whole of the East African region. The remarkable forest is composed of more than 1,000 beautiful flowering plant species and this includes even the 163 tree species as well as the estimated 104 fern species. The low altitude northern part of the park is blessed with the rare species of the Guinea-Congolian Flora and also some unique species which are recognized worldwide as endangered species i.e. Brazzeia longipedicellata and brown mahogany.
Bwindi Impenetrable Forest is a very remarkable water catchment area because much of the park’s rainfall creates streams and the forest has a calm dense network of water streams. This makes the forest to be the source of various rivers that mainly flow into the low altitude northern, southern and western parts of the park. The notable rivers that originate from the park are Ivi, Ishasha river, as well as River Munyaga and Ihihizo river, and these prominent rivers in the area with the park, flow directly to Lake Edward where they pour their water.
The park is covered with rare vegetation type which is Afromontane unique in the whole of the African continent and hence the only way of exploring this unique vegetation is by confirming gorilla trekking safari to Uganda. The park is located at the point of conjunction between the mountain forests and the plains and in the park there is varying difference between low-altitude to high altitude primary forests in the park. Bwindi Impenetrable National park is a sanctuary for colobus monkeys as well as chimpanzees and various bird species for instance hornbills, turacos among others.
The popularly known Bwindi Impenetrable forest park is home to an estimated total population of around 500 individual member mountain gorillas also known as Gorilla beringei beringei. The total number of the mountain gorillas surviving in the park constitutes almost half of the total population of mountain gorillas surviving in the whole world and the rest of the other half of the surviving mountain gorillas are protected in the neighboring parks of Virunga national park in Congo and Volcanoes national park in Rwanda, thus enabling tourists to enjoy multiple gorilla treks in one Africa gorilla safari package combining the 3 countries. Such trips reward them with memorable adventure experiences deep in the heart of Africa. Taking a tour and safari to this park will enable one not to regret but to appreciate that Uganda is the pearl of Africa.